Analysis of selected European Green Deal initiatives

A new study by researchers from the Czech Environmental Information Agency (CENIA) presents a selected set of European Green Deal (EGD) initiatives. The report focuses in particular on the Fit for 55 package of legislation and the other approved initiatives: Farm to fork strategy, Circular Economy Action Plan and Zero pollution Action Plan.

The study presents selected components of the European Green Deal, including their general and specific objectives at European and national level, their links to other legislative packages, affected sectors and current situation. The study also includes an assessment of the international and national context based on data and a SWOT analysis of the selected European Green Deal initiatives.

The Fit for 55 is a package of legislation under which the EU committed to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 has been addressed in the most detail in the study. The package contains both proposals to modify existing directives or regulations and entirely new legislation, focusing on areas such as emissions trading (EU ETS), Carbon border adjustment mechanism, energy and fuels, and land use and forestry. The individual measures of the Fit for 55 package can be divided into three main groups: the first group consists of so-called market-based mechanisms, which include in particular the European Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS), while the next set of measures fall under targets and regulations, which include the revision of the existing Renewable Energy Directive, and the Energy Efficiency Directive. The third group of proposals consists of supporting measures where, for example, to ensure a socially just and solidarity-based transition, the European Commission proposes the creation of a new Social Climate Fund.

An operational analysis of selected elements of the European Green Deal initiatives is available here.

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